Understanding Different Types of Nail Fungus

Understanding Different Types of Nail Fungus 2

What is Nail Fungus?

Nail fungus, also known as onychomycosis, is a common condition that affects millions of people worldwide. It is caused by fungal organisms that invade the nails, leading to discoloration, thickening, and brittleness of the nail. While nail fungus can be unsightly and uncomfortable, it is generally not a serious medical condition. However, if left untreated, it can spread to other nails and cause more severe symptoms. Understanding the different types of nail fungus can help you choose the appropriate treatment and prevent further complications. Complement your reading by accessing this suggested external resource. Explore additional information and new perspectives on the topic covered in this article. Uncover details, dive deeper into the subject.

1. Distal Subungual Onychomycosis

Distal subungual onychomycosis is the most common type of nail fungus. It usually starts at the tip of the nail and gradually spreads towards the cuticle. The fungus involved is often the same fungi responsible for athlete’s foot, which can easily spread from the skin to the nails. Symptoms of distal subungual onychomycosis include thickening, yellowing, and crumbling of the nail, along with potential pain and discomfort.

2. White Superficial Onychomycosis

White superficial onychomycosis is characterized by the appearance of white powdery patches on the surface of the nail. This type of nail fungus is less common and is typically caused by specific fungi, such as Trichophyton mentagrophytes and Trichophyton rubrum. It is more prevalent in warmer climates and can be associated with moisture-retaining footwear. Although it may not cause significant thickening or discoloration of the nail, prompt treatment is essential to prevent its spread to the nail bed.

3. Proximal Subungual Onychomycosis

Proximal subungual onychomycosis is often associated with immune system disorders, such as HIV/AIDS. It usually starts at the proximal part of the nail, near the cuticle, and gradually extends towards the tip. This type of nail fungus can be more difficult to treat and may require a combination of oral and topical antifungal medications. If you suspect you have this type of nail fungus, it is important to consult a healthcare professional for an accurate diagnosis and appropriate treatment plan.

4. Candida Onychomycosis

Candida onychomycosis is caused by a type of yeast called Candida, which commonly resides on the skin and mucous membranes. This type of nail fungus can affect both fingernails and toenails and may be associated with underlying conditions, such as diabetes or a weakened immune system. Candida onychomycosis can cause the nail to become yellow, thickened, and separated from the nail bed. Prompt treatment is crucial to prevent the infection from spreading and causing further damage.

5. Endonyx Onychomycosis

Endonyx onychomycosis is a less common type of nail fungus that primarily affects the nail plate without involving the nail bed. It is often characterized by a whitish discoloration of the nail and typically lacks the classic signs of fungal infection, such as thickening or brittleness. As a result, endonyx onychomycosis can be easily misdiagnosed and treated. Seeking professional advice from a dermatologist or podiatrist is important to ensure an accurate diagnosis and appropriate treatment plan.


Nail fungus is a common and treatable condition that can affect anyone. Understanding the different types of nail fungus can help you identify the specific symptoms and choose the most suitable treatment option. If you suspect you have nail fungus, it is important to seek medical advice for an accurate diagnosis and proper management. Early intervention can help prevent the spread of the infection and promote healthier nails. Dive deeper into the topic and reveal additional insights within this expertly chosen external source. Fungal Nail Treatment Birmingham Https://Www.Centrallasernailclinic.Co.Uk/Locations/Birmingham-Clinic/, explore new details and perspectives about the subject covered in the article.

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